- Commenced on 1 January 1957
- [This is the version of this document at 31 December 2016 and includes any amendments published up to 31 December 2017.]
- [Note: This version of the Act was revised and consolidated by the Law Development Commission of Zimbabwe]
Part I – Preliminary
1. Short titleThis Act may be cited as the Firearms Act [Chapter 10:09].
2. InterpretationIn this Act—“acquiring” means hiring, accepting as a gift and borrowing;“ammunition” means—(a)ammunition for any firearm;(b)grenades, bombs and any other like missiles, whether capable of use with a firearm or not;but does not include any signalling apparatus or missiles therefor, other than missiles for the type of signalling apparatus known as a Verey Pistol;“Controller” means the Controller of Firearms appointed in terms of section thirty-eight and includes any person to whom the Controller has, in terms of subsection (2) of that section, delegated his functions;“firearm” means—(a)any lethal barrelled weapon of any description from which any shot, bullet or any other missile can be discharged or which can be adapted for the discharge of any such shot, bullet or any other missile;(b)the barrel, bolt and chamber or any other essential component part of any such weapon as aforesaid;but does not include any signalling apparatus, other than the type of signalling apparatus known as a Verey Pistol;“firearm certificate” means a firearm certificate granted under section six;“firearms dealer” means a person who by way of trade or business sells, transfers, repairs, tests or proves firearms or ammunition;“Minister” means the Minister of Home Affairs or any other Minister to whom the President may, from time to time, assign the administration of this Act;“signalling apparatus” means a device which is designed or customarily used for safety purposes or to signal distress;“slaughtering instrument” means a firearm which is specially designed or adapted for the instantaneous slaughter of animals or for the instantaneous stunning of animals with a view to slaughtering them;“transferring” includes letting on hire, giving, lending and parting with possession.
Part II – Regulation of purchase, possession manufacture and sale of firearms and ammunition and other transactions
3. Firearms and ammunition to which Part II applies
4. Penalty for purchasing firearms or ammunition without firearm certificate
5. Grant of firearm certificate
6. Holder of firearm certificate to notify change of address or occupation
7. Fees in respect of firearms certificates
8. Exemptions from holding firearm certificate
9. Power to refuse firearm certificate or permit unless firearm produced for inspection and marking
10. Restrictions on manufacture of ammunition
11. Restrictions on manufacturing of firearms
12. Production of firearm certificate
13. Production of firearms and ammunition
14. Penalty for dealing in firearms without being registered
15. Registration of firearms dealers
16. Certificate of registration
17. Registration of places of business of firearms dealers
18. Restrictions on sale and repair of firearms and ammunition
19. Register of transactions for firearms and ammunition
20. Powers of court in case of offence by registered firearms dealersWhere a registered firearms dealer is convicted of an offence under this Act or of an offence under any law in respect of the import or export of firearms or ammunition, the court may order—
21. Penalty for taking in pawn firearms or ammunition
22. Provisions as to converting imitation firearms into firearms
23. SavingsNothing in this Part shall relieve any person using or carrying a firearm from the obligation to take out a licence to kill game under any law for the time being in force relating to such licences.
Part III – Miscellaneous provisions as to firearms and ammunition
24. Special provisions relating to certain types of weapons and ammunition
25. Removal and transportation of firearms and ammunition within Zimbabwe
26. Restrictions on possession of firearms and ammunition by young persons
27. Penalties for improper use of firearmsAny person who—
28. Safeguarding of firearms and ammunition
29. Loss of firearm or ammunition to be reported
30. Safeguarding stocks of firearms and ammunition in possession of dealers
Part IV – General
31. Provision as to forfeiture of firearms and cancellation of certificates
32. Power to search for and dispose of firearms and ammunition
33. Information regarding firearmsAny police officer may require any person appearing to be in control of any premises on which such police officer has reason to believe that any firearm or ammunition is kept, or any person employed on such premises, to give him such information as he may require in order to ascertain whether section twenty-eight is being complied with.
34. Power to enter premises and obtain informationAny police officer and additionally, or alternatively, any other person authorized by the Minister for the purpose may at any time enter and inspect any premises used for—
35. Penalty for obstructing police officerAny person who—
36. Appeals under Parts II and III
37. Keeping of central register
38. Appointment of controller and delegation of powers
39. Service of noticesAny notice required or authorized by this Act to be given to any person may be sent by registered post in a letter addressed to him at his last or usual place of abode or, in the case of a registered firearms dealer, at any place of business in respect of which he is registered.
40. Reciprocal recognition of certificates issued in neighbouring countries or territoriesThe President may, if he is satisfied that reciprocal provisions have been made in the laws in force in any neighbouring country or territory for the recognition by and under the law in force in such country or territory of firearm certificates granted under this Act, by proclamation, declare that an arms licence or certificate corresponding to a firearm certificate under this Act and issued under such law shall, on being endorsed by the Controller, have the same effect in Zimbabwe as if it were a firearm certificate granted under this Act.
42. State not boundThis Act shall not bind the State:Provided that nothing in this section shall be construed so as to render lawful the possession by any employee of the State of a firearm or ammunition on any occasion or in any circumstances not authorized by the State.
History of this document
31 December 2016 this version
01 January 1957