Civil Protection Act
- Commenced on 1 August 1989
- [This is the version of this document at 31 December 2016 and includes any amendments published up to 31 December 2017.]
- [Note: This version of the Act was revised and consolidated by the Law Development Commission of Zimbabwe]
Part I – Preliminary
1. Short titleThis Act may be cited as the Civil Protection Act [Chapter 10:06].
2. InterpretationIn this Act—“area civil protection officer” means an area civil protection officer referred to in section seventeen;“assistant area civil protection officer” means an assistant area civil protection officer referred to in section seventeen;“assistant provincial civil protection officer” means an assistant provincial civil protection officer referred to in section thirteen;“civil protection” means any service provided or measure taken for the purpose of preparing for, guarding against or dealing with any actual or potential disaster;“civil protection area” means a civil protection area established in terms of section sixteen;“civil protection organization” means an organization established for the provision and implementation of civil protection in any civil protection province or civil protection area;“civil protection province” means a civil protection province declared in terms of section twelve;“Committee” means the National Civil Protection Committee established in terms of section four;“Director” means the Director of Civil Protection referred to in section three;“disaster” means any—(a)natural disaster, major accident or other event howsoever caused; or(b)destruction, pollution or scarcity of essential supplies; or(c)disruption of essential services; or(d)influx of refugees; or(e)plague or epidemic of disease;that threatens the life or well-being of the community;“Fund” means the National Civil Protection Fund established by section twenty-nine;“local authority” means—(a)a municipal council, town council, rural district council or local board; or(b)in relation to a local government area for which no local board has been established, any person in whom or authority in which the administration, control or management of such area has been vested;“Minister” means the Minister of Local Government, Rural and Urban Development or any other Minister to whom the President may, from time to time, assign the administration of this Act;“planning committee” means a planning committee appointed in terms of section nine;“provincial civil protection officer” means a provincial civil protection officer referred to in section thirteen;“Secretary” means the Secretary of the Ministry for which the Minister is responsible;“state of disaster” means a disaster declared in terms of section twenty-seven;“statutory body” means—(a)any Commission established by the Constitution; or(b)any body corporate established directly by or under any Act for special purposes specified in that Act, the membership of which consists wholly or mainly of persons appointed by the President, a Vice-President or a Minister;“volunteer” means a person who has applied to be a volunteer and whose name is entered in a register of volunteers in terms of section twenty.
Part II – Director of Civil Protection
3. Director of Civil Protection
Part III – National Civil Protection Committee
4. National Civil Protection Committee
5. Meetings and procedure of Committee
6. Subcommittees of Committee
7. Remuneration and expenses of members of Committee and members of subcommitteesA member of the Committee or of a subcommittee of the Committee shall be paid from moneys appropriated to the purpose by Parliament—
8. Minutes of proceedings of Committee and subcommittees
Part IV – Planning committees and civil protection plans
9. Planning committees
10. Remuneration and expenses of members of planning committeesA member of a planning committee shall be paid from moneys appropriated to the purpose by Act of Parliament—
11. Civil protection plans
Part V – Provincial organization of civil protection
12. Civil protection provinces
13. Provincial civil protection officers and assistant provincial civil protection officersSubject to the law relating to the Public Service, the Minister shall appoint a provincial civil protection officer for each civil protection province and such number of assistant provincial civil protection officers as may be necessary.
14. Functions of provincial civil protection officers and assistant provincial civil protection officers
15. Appointment of committees and delegation of powers by provincial civil protection officers
Part VI – Area organization of civil protection
16. Civil protection areasThe Minister may by statutory instrument and on the advice of the Director establish civil protection areas in civil protection provinces for the purposes of this Act with such names as he thinks fit.
17. Area civil protection officers and assistant area civil protection officersSubject to the laws relating to the Public Service, the Minister shall appoint an area civil protection officer for each civil protection area and such number of assistant area civil protection officers as may be necessary.
18. Functions of area civil protection officers and assistant area civil protection officers
19. Appointment of committees and delegation of powers by area civil protection officers
Part VII – General powers of civil protection officers
21. Interpretation in Part VIIIIn this Part—“civil protection officer” includes a provincial civil protection officer, an assistant provincial civil protection officer, an area civil protection officer and an assistant area civil protection officer.
22. Orders by civil protection officers
23. Power of civil protection officers to requisition land and property
24. Drivers permits
25. Reimbursement and indemnification of persons employed in civil protectionThe Fund shall reimburse and indemnify, to such extent and in such manner as may be prescribed, every volunteer and other person employed in a civil protection organization established and maintained in terms of this Act for any reasonable expense or liability incurred by such volunteer or other person as a result of—
26. Disability benefits
Part VIII – Declaration of state of disaster
27. Declaration of state of disaster
28. Communication to ParliamentWhere a state of disaster has been declared in terms of section twenty-seven, the Minister shall communicate such declaration to Parliament on the day that it next sits after the declaration is made.
Part IX – National Civil Protection Fund
29. Establishment of Fund
30. Advances to Fund
31. Objects of FundThe objects for which the Fund is established shall be the development and promotion of civil protection.
32. Application of FundWithout derogation from the generality of section thirty-one, the Fund may be applied to—
33. Estimates of expenditure
34. Limits on expenditure from Fund
35. Accounts and audit of Fund
36. Holding of Fund
37. Financial yearThe financial year of the Fund shall be the period of twelve months ending on the 30th June in each year.
Part X – General
38. Minister may take over certain powers and duties during disaster
39. Minister’s directions to DirectorThe Minister may at any time direct the Director—
40. Recovery of expenses incurred by State
41. IndemnityWithout prejudice to any defence or limitation which may be available in terms of any law, but subject to sections twenty-three and twenty-five, no claim shall be made and no set-off shall operate against—
42. Burials during disastersWhere the Minister, after consulting the Secretary of the Ministry responsible for health is satisfied that persons have died as a result of any disaster, he may, if he considers that it is necessary or expedient to do so, give directions and make such arrangements as he considers appropriate in respect of—
43. Failure to comply with order or instructionIf any person, without lawful excuse, contravenes or fails to comply with any order or instruction given to him in terms of this Act—
History of this document
01 August 1989
|Civil Protection (Declaration of State of Disaster: Rural and Urban Areas of Zimbabwe) (COVID-19) Notice, 2020||Statutory Instrument 76 of 2020|